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Kidney Cancer Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Risk Factors

  • Symptoms: Symptoms of kidney cancer may include blood in your urine; a lump in your side or abdomen; loss of appetite; side pain; unexpected weight loss; and anemia.
  • Diagnosis: Your doctor will perform a physical exam to feel your abdomen and side for lumps, check for a fever, and measure your blood pressure. Your doctor may also order urine tests, blood tests, an X-ray of your kidneys, liver function test, an ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI. Your doctor may need to biopsy tissue from your kidney to confirm a diagnosis.
  • Treatment: Treatment options for kidney cancer may include surgery to remove the tumor in the kidney, or surgery to remove the entire kidney, adrenal gland, and surrounding tissue plus nearby lymph nodes. After surgery, your doctor may recommend radiofrequency ablation, biologic therapy, radiation, or chemotherapy
  • Risk Factors: Some possible risk factors for kidney cancer include smoking, misuse of certain pain medications, and certain genetic conditions.
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