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Brain Cancer Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Risk Factors

  • Symptoms: Not all brain tumors cause symptoms, and if you do experience symptoms, they may be the result of other conditions rather than the brain tumor itself. The most common symptoms include headaches, weakness, seizures, difficulty walking, and clumsiness. Some nonspecific symptoms may include changes in concentration, memory, or alertness; nausea; vision problems; and speech problems. Sometimes these symptoms seem similar to those of a stroke.
  • Diagnosis: You will most likely undergo a CT scan of your brain so your doctor can view your brain in three dimensions. You may also undergo an MRI. Your doctor may also perform some laboratory tests to analyze your blood and other bodily functions. To confirm the presence of brain cancer, a small amount of the brain tumor may be removed to be biopsied.
  • Treatment: Brain cancer may be treated in a variety of ways depending on your age and the size, location, and type of tumor. The most common treatments include surgery to remove the tumor, radiation, and chemotherapy.
  • Risk Factors: The exact cause of most brain tumors is unknown. Possible risk factors could include exposure to radiation, smoking, environmental toxins, genetics, or certain inherited conditions. Those these are possible causes, no clear links have been established to brain cancer.
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