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Testicular Cancer Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Risk Factors

  • Symptoms: Some common symptoms of testicular cancer are swelling and/or a lump in one or both testes; a heavy feeling in the scrotum; and a dull pressure or pain in the lower back, abdomen, or groin.
  • Diagnosis: Most men discover testicular cancer themselves during a self-exam. Your doctor may also find it during a physical exam. Your doctor may order blood tests and a CT scan or ultrasound of your testicles.
  • Treatment: Treatment options for testicular cancer may include surgery to remove the testicle that has cancer. After surgery, your doctor may also prescribe watchful waiting, chemotherapy, or radiation.
  • Risk Factors: Testicular cancer is most common among young males between the ages of 15 – 35. Some risk factors for testicular cancer include having an undescended testicle; a family history of testicular cancer; a personal history of testicular cancer; fertility problems; and certain genetic conditions.
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